All forms of political and territorial organization – city-state, colonial empires, nations, international order – were and are linked to different natural resources and formed different imaginary worlds of the geological epoch. According to the U.S. Constitution, all powers that are not specifically reserved for the federal government remain with the federated states. Federal law has exclusive jurisdiction only for certain types of cases (e.g. B those concerning federal laws, interstate controversies and cases involving foreign governments) and shares jurisdiction with national courts in certain other areas (e.g.B. parties residing in different states). However, in the vast majority of cases, the exclusive right of the State is competent. Similarly, under U.S. law, the doctrine of freedom of contract has a direct bearing on how distribution agreements are regulated in the United States. Some international distribution agreements contain exclusivity clauses.
While not all of these agreements are exclusive, they are a topic that should be addressed in contract negotiations. At the Lausanne Conference of 1932, Germany, Great Britain and France agreed on the formal suspension of reparations imposed on defeated countries after the First World War. When Adolf Hitler became German Chancellor in January 1933, the financial provisions of the Treaty of Versailles (peace agreement after the First World War) had already been revised. Hitler was determined to overthrow the other military and territorial provisions of the treaty and welcome ethnic Germans into the empire, as a step towards the creation of a German empire in Europe. “The Security Council reaffirms its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria and Iraq and, in this regard, strongly condemns any direct or indirect trade in oil from Syria and Iraq involving terrorist groups. On March 15, 1939, Hitler violated the Munich Agreement and opposed the Czechoslovak state. The Czech provinces of Bohemia and Moravia were declared German protectorates and occupied by German troops. Slovakia became an independent state, closely allied with Germany. Hungary, which had annexed territories in southern Slovakia after the Munich Conference, conquered transkarpatic Ukraine. Czechoslovakia ceased to exist.
“The Security Council reaffirms its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria and Iraq and, in this regard, strongly condemns any involvement in the direct or indirect trade in oil from Syria and Iraq, with the participation of terrorist groups. Understanding the interaction between federal law and domestic and customary law in the U.S. legal system is important for understanding the regulation of exclusive distribution agreements in the United States. . . .