Strand One Of The Belfast Agreement

Finally, the agreement promised the early release of prisoners who are dependent on time because of unrest. Early releases would be conditional on the continuation of the ceasefire by paramilitary groups and their commitment to dismantling. 2. The origins of the agreement can be traced back to the 1994 provisional IRA ceasefire, cooperation between London and Dublin and increased US participation. The agreement sets out a framework for the creation and number of institutions in three “parts.” All decisions taken by the Council in agreement between the two parties. Northern Ireland is represented by the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister and all relevant ministers, the Irish government by the Taoiseach and the relevant ministers, all of whom work in accordance with the rules of democratic authority and accountability in the Northern Ireland Assembly and Oireachtas respectively. Participation in the Council is one of the essential tasks of the agencies involved in both jurisdictions. If an agency holder does not normally participate in the Council, the Taoiseach may, in the case of the Irish Government and the First Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, make other arrangements in the case of the administration of Northern Ireland. 19. The Executive Committee will provide a forum for discussion and agreement on overlapping issues between two or more ministers, which will give priority to executive and legislative proposals and, if necessary, recommend a common position (for example. B in the treatment of external relations).

The main themes addressed by Sunningdale and dealt with in the Belfast Agreement are the principle of self-determination, the recognition of the two national identities, intergovernmental cooperation between the British and Ireland and legal procedures for compulsory power-sharing, such as inter-community voting and the D`Hondt system for appointing ministers to the executive. [24] [25] Former IRA member and journalist Tommy McKearney says the main difference is the British government`s intention to negotiate a comprehensive agreement including the IRA and the most intransigent unionists. [26] With regard to the right to self-determination, two qualifications are recorded by the writer Austen Morgan. First, the transfer of territory from one state to another must be done through an international agreement between the British and Irish governments. Second, the population of Northern Ireland can no longer be alone in united Ireland; They need not only the Irish government, but also the people of their neighbouring country, Ireland, to support unity. Mr Morgan also pointed out that, unlike the Irish Act 1949 and the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973, drawn up under Sunningdale, the 1998 agreement and the resulting British legislation explicitly provide for the possibility of a unified Ireland. [27] The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or the Belfast Agreement (in Ireland: Comhaonté Aoine an Cheasta or Comhaonté Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance)[1] is a couple of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that put an end to most of the violence of the Troubles, a political conflict in Northern Ireland that had erupted since the late 1960s.